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Κυπριακή
Ολυμπιακή Επιτροπή

Created: 1974 - Recognised: 1978
www.olympic.org.cy

Population: 802,000
Area: 9,251 sq.km.

Latest update: 08/06/2009 18:17 +0300

Cyprus:
ANDORRA | CYPRUS | ICELAND | LIECHTENSTEIN | LUXEMBOURG | MONACO | MALTA | SAN MARINO

Cyprus is an island nation situated in the eastern Mediterranean. The country's capital, located centrally on the island, is Nicosia. Since 1974, the northern part of the country has been occupied by Turkish troops and Nicosia remains, to this day, the last divided city in Europe.

Much of the land is a flat, treeless but fertile plain located in the interior and extending from coast to coast. Called the Mesaoria, from "between the mountains" in Greek, it is bordered on the north and south by mountain ranges, the Troodos and Kyrenia. The Kyrenia Range, in the north, parallels the coastline, extending into the Karpas Peninsula to the east. Its highest elevation is 1,019m. The rugged Tro÷dos Mountains cover most of the south-western area of the island. Parts of this range are thickly forested. Mount Olympus, its highest peak, rises 1,952 meters, the highest point on the island.

Cyprus has a typical Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and a cool, rainy season extending from October to March. The mean annual temperature is 21░C, but temperatures can sometimes exceed 38░C on the Mesaoria Plain in the summer. The annual rainfall averages less than 500mm. Snow may falls high in the Troodos Mountains.

Cyprus joined the European Union on 1 May 2004 and joined the eurozone on 1 January 2008, making the euro national currency. The official languages of Cyprus are Greek and Turkish.

Since first taking part in the Olympic Games as an independent nation in 1980, Cyprus has never won an Olympic medal. However, Ioannis Phrangoudis, competing for Greece, Phrangoudis won the Rapid-Fire Pistol competition at the first modern Olympic Games, in Athens in 1896. Later in the competition, Phrangoudis added a silver in the Free Rifle Three Positions event, plus a bronze in the Free Pistol competition.

To this day Phrangoudis (seated, in the photo, between the other 1896 shooting medallists of Greece, Karassevdhas and Orphanidhis) is the only Cypriot to have ever won an Olympic medal.

Several Cypriot athletes are included on inscriptions of winners of the Ancient Olympic Games, when participation was limited to athletes of Hellenic origin.

Cyprus is hosting the Games of the Small States of Europe for the second time in 2009, following the very successful 1989 edition. Throughout the history of the competition, Cyprus has been amongst the top contenders for medals, topping the rankings four times in 12 editions--including the last three events of 2003, 2005 and 2007.


Andorra | Cyprus | Iceland | Liechtenstein | Luxembourg | Monaco | Malta | San Marino

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